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Publications using PIPER

This page summarizes papers and presentations using the PIPER Child model [C] or the PIPER software framework [S] since the end of the PIPER EU project.

Many of the studies are from authors that are not participating to the PIPER Open Source project (or the European project before that).

Please let us know about mistakes or missing material.

Papers and conference presentations

  1. Janák, TomáŠ, Yoann Lafon, Philippe Petit, and Philippe Beillas (2020). “A Method to Use Kriging with Large Sets of Control Points to Morph Finite Element Models of the Human Body.” Journal of Biomechanical Engineering, September.
  2. M. Darweesh, M. A. Corrales, P. A. Cripton, and D. S. Cronin (2020) The Influence of Neck Posture on Cervical Spine Response During Head-First Impact Using a Human Body Model. IRC-20-35 IRCOBI conference 2020 [S]
  3. F. Germanetti, D. Fiumarella, F. Cappellino, R. Puppini, G. Belingardi, A. Scattina (2020) Effects of non-conventional driving posture on the passive safety of autonomous vehicles. A numerical study using the THUMS human model. IRC-20-54 IRCOBI conference 2020 [S]
  4. Corrales MA & Cronin DS. (2020). “Neck Response of Young and Aged Small Stature Female Human Body Models in Rear Impact.” International Research Council on Biomechanics of Injury. IRCOBI. Munich, Germany. [S]
  5. Bohman, Katarina, Jonas Östh, Lotta Jakobsson, Isabelle Stockman, Maria Wimmerstedt, and Helena Wallin. (2020). “Booster Cushion Design Effects on Child Occupant Kinematics and Loading Assessed Using the PIPER 6-Year-Old HBM and the Q10 ATD in Frontal Impacts.” Traffic Injury Prevention, August, 1–6. [C]
  6. Christoph Leo, Michael Gruber, Florian Feist, Wolfgang Sinz, Franz Roth, Corina Klug (2020) The Effect of Autonomous Emergency Braking Systems on Head Impact Conditions for Pedestrian and Cyclists in Passenger Car Collisions. IRC-20-49 IRCOBI conference 2020 [C]
  7. Chevalier, Marie-Christine, and Philippe Beillas. (2020) Effect of Anthropometry Scaling on the Response of the Piper Child Scalable Human Body Model Subject to Pelvic Impact. Journal of Biomechanics 105 (May): 109757. [C][S]
  8. Grébonval, C., X. Trosseille, P. Petit, X. Wang, and P. Beillas. (2020) The Effects of Small Seat Swiveling Angles on Occupant Responses during a Frontal Impact. WCX World Congress Experience. SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-0571. [S]
  9. Liu, S., P. Beillas, L. Ding, and X. Wang. (2020). “Morphing an Existing Open Source Human Body Model into a Personalized Model for Seating Discomfort Investigation.” WCX World Congress Experience. SAE Technical Paper 2020-01-0874. [C][S]
  10. Bohman K, Jakobsson L, Wimmerstedt M, Wallin H, Wass J, Östh J, (2019) The influence of booster cushion design on dummy kinematics and loading, using the PIPER model and the Q10 in frontal impacts. Protection of Children in Cars Conference. Dec. [C]
  11. Johannes Holtz, Gerd Müller, Steffen Müller, Stefanie Marker (2019) Analysis of sensors in the PIPER child human body model based on Q6 dummy sensors for multidirectional occupant load cases. Protection of Children in Cars Conference. Dec. [C]
  12. Miguel A. Corrales, Duane S. Cronin (2019) Effect of Aged Neck Posture on Kinematics and Tissue-Level Response in Frontal Impact Conditions IRC-19-48 Short com IRCOBI conference 2019 [S]
  13. Corrales MA, & Cronin DS. (2019). A Repositioning Methodology to Achieve Targeted Bone Positions in Detailed Human Body Models, Applied to the GHBMC Small Stature Female. GHBMC Workshop, Michigan. (1st Best Presentation Award) [S]
  14. Daniel Perez-Rapela, Craig Markusic, Bryant Whitcomb, Bengt Pipkorn, Jason L. Forman, Jeff R. Crandall. (2019) Comparison of the simplified GHBMC to PMHS kinematics in far-side impact IRC-19-42 IRCOBI conference 2019 [S]
  15. Grébonval et al. (2019) Occupant response in frontal crash, after alterations of the standard driving position. IRC-19-57 Short communication. IRCOBI conference 2019 [S]
  16. Madelen Fahlstedt, Peter Halldin (2019) The Difference in Ranking of Bike Helmets when Using Different Finite Element Head Models. IRC-19-98 IRCOBI conference 2019. [PIPER SCALED 18 y.o.] [C]
  17. Belwadi, Aditya, Shreyas Sarfare, Sophie Tushak, Jalal Maheshwari, and Srihari Menon. 2019. “Responses of the Scaled Pediatric Human Body Model in the Rear- and Forward-Facing Child Seats in Simulated Frontal Motor Vehicle Crashes.” Traffic Injury Prevention 20 (sup2): S143–44. [C][S]
  18. Tushak S, Maheshwar J, Belwadi A (2019). Responses of the Scaled Infant Human Body Model in Simulated Frontal Motor Vehicle Crashes. ESV 2019: Paper No.19-0142-O [C][S]
  19. Fahlstedt M, Kleiven S, Li X. Current playground surface test standards underestimate brain injury risk for children. Journal of biomechanics. 2019 May 24;89:1-0. [C]
  20. Li X, Kleiven S. Improved safety standards are needed to better protect younger children at playgrounds. Scientific reports. 2018 Oct 10;8(1):15061. [C]
  21. Belwadi A, Maheshwari J., Sarfare S. (2018) Biomechanical Responses of Pediatric Occupants in Non-standard Seating Positions - A Pilot Study Utilizing Human Body Models. NHTSA Workshop 2018 [C][S]
  22. Weinert et al. (2018) Comfort analysis of a child restraint system using human body model. Conf. Protection of Children in Cars. Munich. [C]
  23. Sarfare S, Maheshwari J, Duong N, Belwadi A. Comparative Responses of the PIPER 6YO Human Body Model and the Q6 ATD for Simulated Frontal and Lateral Impacts. SAE Technical Paper; 2018 Nov 12. [C]
  24. Maheshwari J, Duong N, Sarfare S, Belwadi A. Evaluating the response of the PIPER scalable human body model across child restraining seats in simulated frontal crashes. Traffic injury prevention. 2018 Dec 28;19(sup2):S140-2. [C]
  25. Piqueras-Lorente et al (2018) Kinematic Assessment of Subject Personification of Human Body Models (THUMS). IRC-18-31 IRCOBI conference 2018 [S]
  26. Kleinbach et al. (2018) Simulation of Average Female Rear-End Volunteer Tests using the Active ViVA OpenHBM. IRC-18-34 IRCOBI conference 2018 [S]
  27. Corrales MA, & Cronin DS. (2018). Human Body Model Cervical Spine Curvature Effect in Extracted Motion Segment Model in Tension, Extension, and Flexion. The Injury Biomechanics Symposium, Ohio 2018. [S]
  28. Beillas P, Le Ruyet A, Chevalier M-C (2017). Side impact applications of the PIPER scalable child human body model. 15th International Conference on the Protection of Children in Cars, Dec 2017, MUNICH, Germany. 11 p. ⟨hal-01720419⟩ [C][S]
  29. Alvarez VS, Kleiven S. Effect of pediatric growth on cervical spine kinematics and deformations in automotive crashes. Journal of biomechanics. 2018 Apr 11;71:76-83. [C]
  30. Giordano C, Li X, Kleiven S. Performances of the PIPER scalable child human body model in accident reconstruction. PLoS one. 2017 Nov 14;12(11):e0187916. [C][S]
  31. Beillas et al. (2017) Applications of the GHBMC models using the PIPER tools. GHBMC Users’ Workshop, June 4, 2017 [S]
  32. Beillas P, Giordano C, Alvarez V, Li X, Ying X, Chevalier MC, Kirscht S, Kleiven S. Development and performance of the PIPER scalable child human body models. In14th International Conference on the Protection of Children in Cars 2016 Dec 8. [C][S] [ END OF PIPER EU ]


  1. Daouacher M (2019). Evaluation of occupant kinematics in crash using the PIPER model: in frontal and oblique crash simulations. Master thesis at Karlstad University.
  2. Seinunn jóhannsdóttir (2019). Evaluation of Head and Neck Injuries when Misuses of Child Restraint Systems Occur: Simulations of car accidents performed with PIPER child model. Master thesis at KTH.
  3. Berntsson J (2018). A Parametric Study of Shoulder Belt Interactions with the PIPER Scalable Child Human Body Model in Frontal and Frontal Offset Impacts. Master thesis at Chalmers University of Technology.
  4. Pezzutti S (2018). Age–Related Perspectives on the Biomechanics of Traumatic Injury. Master thesis at KTH.
  5. Mohd Zaifullizan Y. (2018) Finite Element Modelling: Comparing Mechanical Response between a Personalised Model and a Scaled-Down Model of Paediatric Femurs. Master thesis at Sheffield Univ
  6. Alvarez VS (2017). Understanding Boundary Conditions for Brain Injury Prediction: Finite Element Analysis of Vulnerable Road Users. PhD thesis at KTH.

Workshops / Invited Talks/sessions

  1. Experiences from the open-access approaches in our field. VIRTUAL/OSCCAR IRCOBI 2019 Pre-conference Workshop. (Speaker: Philippe Beillas)
  2. HBM Repositioning (2018). IRCOBI 2018 Pre-conference Workshop. (Speaker: Philippe Beillas)
  3. PIPER Open Source framework for Human Body Models: status and perspectives. VDI/Human Body Modelling in Automotive Safety Berlin, November 28-29, 2017. Session including overview and short presentations (LAB/Pedestrian, KTH accident reco, LMU Landmarks, Ifsttar Obese). (Various speakers)
publications.txt · Last modified: 2020/10/21 18:06 (external edit)